|N ational P arks & P rotected A reas|
|Nicaragua possesses a system of Protected Areas that shelters a wide range of ecosystems that includes thousands of flora and fauna species. There are about 12.000 vegetable classified species beside another 5.000 not classified yet. Furthermore there are more than 1.400 classified animal species. This is a real biological treasure.
Nicaragua is divided into three ecoregions. These are Pacific, Central and Atlantic. In the Pacific prevails over the volcanoes, lakes, low altitude dry tropical forests and fog forests on higher places. It also includes the Pacific beaches and mangrove systems.
The Central region shows mountain systems, exuberant vegetation, lots of rivers, agricultural and cattle areas. The Atlantic region prevails over the low altitude rainforest going down towards the Caribbean sea where there are marine lagoons, mangrove systems and coral reefs.
Many of these zones offer tourist activities and some tour-operators arrange visits to these zones. The most important and visited are listed here.
|Most important protected areas|
|1. Bosawás Biosphere Reserve|
The biggest Central America rainforest area. It occupies 730.000 hectares.
2. Miskitos Cays Biological Reserve
3. Miraflor Natural Reserve
4. Juan Venado Island Natural Reserve
5. Masaya Volcano National Park
6. Mombacho Volcano Reserve
7. Zapatera Archipelago National Park
8. La Flor y Río Escalante Chacocente Wildlife Refugee
9. Maderas Volcano
10. Los Gatuzos Wildlife Refugee
11. Indio-Maíz Biological Reserve
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